8 types of flour

8 Types Of Flour To Know For Better Baking

By USA Pan | August, 30 2016

Different Types Of Flour

Flour is a main ingredient to most baking recipes. Most of us know and live by the easiest kind of flour, all-purpose flour. This is our go to because it is familiar, versatile and -let’s face it- the name of it says it all. Although taking this route makes baking simple, learning other types of flour can be extremely beneficial to baking specific types of goods. In order to make it less intimidating to use, we have listed 8 most commonly known types of flour with descriptions to help you understand how and when to use these types of flour.


All-Purpose Flour

Overall, all purpose flour is the most commonly used by home bakers. It is the most accessible flour to buy because it is available in almost all grocery stores. All-purpose flour is made with a combination of soft and hard wheat and is used to create more structure in goods.

Bread Flour

You might think it is self explanatory and for the most part it is. Bread Flour is used for yeast based substances, like bread, to hold more structure and make a chewier texture.

Cake Flour

Cake flour is extremely light and is used to keep baked goods fluffy and stable. The texture is light because it is made from soft wheat and has the lowest amount of gluten possible from a substance that is made from what flour.

Pastry Flour

This is another type of flour made from soft wheat. Pastry Flour has a fine grain and is considered have similar qualities that are in between cake and all purpose flour. Pastry Flour is best used to bake brownies, cookies, cakes and other pastries that do not include yeast.

White Flour

White flour is another popular type of flour. It is sold either bleached or unbleached. The difference between the two is how the flour is treated. By bleaching white flour allows the flour to cure faster but is exposed to different types of chemicals, like chloride. Unbleached white flour is naturally cured and is easier to work with.

Whole Wheat Flour

Whole wheat flour is made from the milling of kernels of wheat. This means it contains a high amount of nutrients and forms baked goods to be dense.

Self-Rising Flour

Self Rising Flour is a combination of all-purpose flour, salt, and some form of a rising agent. The purpose of self rising flour is for it to be used to make biscuits, pancakes, and quick breads. This flour is not recommended to be used with yeast.

Gluten-Free Flour

Gluten free flour is a flour substitution that does not contain gluten. All bakers that bake with gluten free flour have a variety of options such as, listed gluten free flour, oat flour, buckwheat flour, rice flour and many more.


Flour is an essential ingredient to make some wonderful baked goods for everyone to enjoy. Now that you know a little more about these 8 different types of flours, we hope that you can start baking some delicious goodies using these different types of flours.

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